160 million MORE White people in the U.S. than Black people

Kristeen Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

Expendable

Granted police killed nearly twice as many Whites as Blacks in 2015, but according to U.S. census data out of the 323,730,000 people listed as US citizens, there were nearly 160 million MORE White people in the Unites States than there were Black people.

According to the July 2015 United States Census Bureau White people made up 71.1% of the U.S. population while Black people comprise only 13.3 % of the population; however Black’s accounted for 37% of murder victims by police compared to only 7% of White murder by police victims signifying Blacks are 3.5 times more likely to be executed by police; five times higher per-capita.

1,134 people were killed by police in 2015; at least 102 unarmed Black people, nearly two every week. Roughly 1 in 3 was identified as unarmed, though the actual number is likely higher due to underreporting. Of all the unarmed people murdered by police, 42% were young Black men, 25% were unarmed, compared with 17% of White people, even though Black males made up only 6% of the Black population. Therefore young Black men were assassinated at a rate disproportionate to the percentage of U.S. population. Additionally Black people were found to be twice as likely to NOT to be armed with a weapon.

Only 10 of the 102 cases in 2015 where an unarmed Black person was killed by police resulted in officer(s) being charged with a crime, and only 2 of these deaths resulted in convictions of the officers involved. Only 1 of 2 officers was convicted for their involvement and sentenced to 1 year in jail and allowed to serve his time exclusively on weekends while the other is still awaiting sentencing.

71% of LEO killed in 2015 were killed by White men. Seventy-one percent of police who’ve been shot and killed this year weren’t murdered by Black men with cornrows or hoodies. They weren’t gunned down by Latinx gang members in low-rider drive-bys. Those stereotypes would be all too convenient; instead, AND 71% of police who’ve been shot and killed so far in 2016 have been killed by good old-fashioned White men.

So far in 2016 police have assassinated 509 people; 238 Whites, 123 Blacks, 79 Latinx, 69 Unknown victims. 484 were male, 25 female, 124 suffered from mental health conditions and 35 were confirmed unarmed. About 6 percent of fatal shootings this year have been captured by body cameras, yet police most frequently refuse to publicly release video. In more than half the cases in which body-cam footage was available, police declined.

Although the FBI is charged with keeping statistics on shootings they do not collect the data; law enforcement agencies provide it to the FBI, which then compiles the reports. Even though it’s mandatory for police dept.’s to forward their stats, most don’t and so far the FBI hasn’t enforced their rule which is a sad post analysis of FBI data which shows fewer than half of the nation’s 18,000 police departments report their incidents to the agency.

More than 3,700 people have been killed by U.S. police since May 1, 2013

Remember

75 massacres of 50 or more people before 1989

Lady2Soothe

Massacre

Before we begin spreading lies that the Orlando Florida Massacre is the deadliest mass terrorist attack in US history with 50 deaths; let us not forget the 75 massacres of 50 or more before 1989

Smallpox

1. Small Pox Blankets were intentionally distributed to Indian Tribes, and before running its course killed thousands
2. 1325 Crow Creek massacre 486 known dead were discovered at an archaeological site near Chamberlain, South Dakota. The victims and perpetrators were unknown groups of Native Americans.
3. 1539 Napituca Massacre Hernando de Sotohad 200 executed, in the first large-scale massacre by Europeans on what became American soil.
4. 1540 Mabila Massacre Choctaw retaliated against Hernando de Soto’s expedition,killing 200 soldiers, as well as many of their horses and pigs, for their having burned down Mabila compound and killed 2,500 warriors who had hidden in houses of a fake village.
5. 1541 Tiguex Massacres Spanish attacked Tiguex Indians burning at the stake 50 people who had surrendered.
6. 1599 Acoma Massacre Juan de Oñate led a punitive expedition against the natives in a three-day battle at the Acoma Pueblo, killing approximately 800.
7. 1601 Sandia Mountains Spanish troops destroyed 3 Indian villages approximately 900 Tompiro Indians were killed.
8. 1610 Paspahegh Massacre Lord De la Warr sent 70 men to attack the Paspahegh Indians. They destroyed their main village near Jamestown, killing between 16 and 65 people.
9. 1622 Jamestown Massacre Powhatan killed 347 English men, women and children
10. 1623 Pamunkey Peace Talks The English poisoned the wine at a “peace conference” with Powhatan leaders, killing about 200; they physically attacked and killed another 50.
11. 1673 Mystic Massacre English colonists John Mason River in present-day Connecticut, where they burned the inhabitants in their homes and killed all survivors, for total fatalities of about 600–700.
12. 1643 Pavonia Massacre governor, William Kieft. Kieft and Corlears Hook attacked, 129 being killed.
13. 1644 Massapequa Massacre John Underhill’s men killed more than 100 Indians
14. 1644 Pound Ridge Massacre Dutch, attacked and burned a sleeping village of Lenape, killing about 500 Indians.
15. 1675 Bloody Brook Massacre Indian warriors ambushed and killed 60 soldiers
16. 1675 Great Swamp Massacre Colonial militia attacked a Narragansett fort near South Kingstown, Rhode Island. At least 40 warriors were killed and 300 women, children and elder men burnt in the village.
17. 1676 Massacre at Occoneechee Island Nathaniel Bacon turned on his Occaneechi allies and his men destroyed three forts within their village on Occoneechee Island, on the Roanoke River near present-day Clarksville, Virginia. Bacon’s troops killed one hundred men as well as many women and children.
18. 1676 Turner Falls Massacre Captain William Turner and 150 militia volunteers attacked a fishing Indian camp at present-day Turners Falls, Massachusetts. At least 100 women and children were killed in the attack.
19. 1676 Rhode Island Major Talcott attacked a band of Narragansetts on Rhode Island, killing 34 men and 92 women and children.
20. 1777 Paoli massacre Patriots under command of General Anthony Wayne 200 under command of General Charles Grey.
21. 1680 Pueblo Revolt Pueblo warriors killed 380 Spanish settlers
22. 1989 Lachine massacre 1,500 Mohawk warriors attacked the small settlement of Lachine,New France and killed more than 90 of the village’s 375 French
23. 1689 Zia Pueblo Governor Jironza de Cruzate destroyed the pueblo of Zia, New Mexico. 600 Indians were killed and 70 survivors enslaved.
24. 1690 Schenectady Massacre French and Algonquins destroyedSchenectady, New York, killing 60 Dutch and English settlers, including ten women and at least twelve children.
25. 1692 Candlemas Massacre 200-300 Abenaki and Canadiens killed 75, took 100 prisoner
26. 1704 Apalachee Massacre Carolina Governor James Moore launched a series of brutal attacks on the Apalachee villages of Northern Florida. They killed 1000 Apalachees and enslaved at least 2000 survivors.
27. 1704 Deerfield Massacre Abenaki,Kanienkehaka, Wyandot and Pocumtuck killed 56 civilians and more than 100 as captives.
28. 1805 Canyon del Muerto Antonio Narbona massacred 115 Navajo Indians
29. 1813 Fort Mims Massacre of Creek Red Sticks attacked Fort Mims, Alabama, killing 400-500 settlers,
30. 1813 Battle of Tallushatchee 900 Tennessee troops under General John Coffee, and includingDavy Crockett, attacked an unsuspecting Creek town. About 186-200 Creek Warriors were killed, and an unknown number of women and children were killed, some burned in their houses.
31. 1813 Hillabee Massacre under General Andrew Jackson 65 Creek Indians were shot or bayoneted.
32. 1813 Autossee Massacre Georgia Militia General Floyd attacked a Creek town on Tallapoosa River, in Macon County, Alabama, killing 200 Indians before setting the village afire.
33. 1832 Battle of Bad Axe Soldiers under General Henry Atkinson and armed volunteers killed around 150 Indian men, women and children
34. 1833 Cutthroat Gap Massacre The Osage tribe attacked a Kiowa camp west of the Wichita Mountains in southwest Oklahoma, killing 150 Kiowa Indians.
35. 1835 Dade Massacre Seminole killed almost all of a command of 110 American soldiers
36. 1836 Goliad massacre mass killing ordered by Antonio López de Santa Anna.
37. 1840 Colorado River Volunteer Rangers under Colonel Moore massacred 140 Comanches
38. 1840 Clear Lake Massacre Salvador Vallejo massacred 150 Pomo and Wappo Indians
39. 1846 Sacramento River Captain Frémont’s men attacked a peaceful band of Indians (probablyYanas) on the Sacramento River in California, killing between 120 and 200 Indians.
40. 1847 Storming of Pueblo de Taos American troops attacked the heavily fortified Pueblo of Taos with artillery, killing nearly 150, some being Indians. Between 25 and 30 prisoners were shot by firing squads.
41. 1850 Bloody Island Massacre Nathaniel Lyon and his U.S. Army detachment of cavalry killed 60–100 Pomo Indians
42. 1851 Old Shasta Town Miners killed 300 Wintu Indians
43. 1852 Bridge Gulch Massacre 70 American men led by Trinity County sheriff William H. Dixon killed more than 150 Wintu people
44. 1853 A posse of settlers attacked and burned aTolowa rancheria at Yontocket, California, killing 450 Tolowa during a prayer ceremony.
45. 1853 Howonquet Massacre Californian settlers attacked and burned the Tolowa village of Howonquet, massacring 70 people.
46. 1855 Harney Massacre US troops under Brigadier General William S. Harney killed 86 Sioux, men, women and children. About 70 women and children were taken prisoner.
47. 1857 Mountain Meadow Massacre Local Mormons approached the Baker-Fancher wagon train with a white flag and a promise they would lead them to safety – but instead shot and knifed 120
48. 1858 – 1859 Round Valley Massacres White settlers killed 150 Yuki Indians and California militiamen massacred 240 Indians on the Eel River. On 1 May, Major Johnson reported that six hundred Yukis had been massacred by white settlers “in the last year”.
49. 1859 Pit River Massacre White settlers massacred 70 Achomawi Indians (10 men and 60 women and children)
50. 1860 Massacre at Bloody Rock 65 Yuki Indians were surrounded and massacred by white settlers
51. 1860 Indian Island Massacre white settlers killed between 200 and 250 Wiyot Indians
52. 1861 Horse Canyon Massacre 240 Wailakis Indians murdered
53. 1862 Tonkawa Massacre 240 of 390 Tonkawa murdered
54. 1863 attack near Preston, Idaho, at the confluence of Bear River and Beaver Creek, is considered the largest single-incident massacre of Indians in the American West with 490+ Northwestern Shoshone Indians murdered.
55. 1863 Lawrence Massacre Pro-Confederate Guerrillas killed civilians and burned a quarter of the town of 185 -200
56. 1863 Bear River Massacre Col. Patrick Connor led a United States Army regiment killing 280 Shoshone men, women and children near
57. Draft Riot 115 people lost their lives
58. 1864 Sand Creek Massacre Colorado Militia attacked a peaceful village of Cheyenne, killing at least 160 men, women and children
59. 1864 Oak Run Massacre California settlers massacred 300 Yana Indians who had gathered near the head of Oak Run, California for a spiritual ceremony.
60. 1864 Fort Pillow massacre 277 Federal black troops killed by Confederate soldiers.
61. 1864 Saltville massacre Wounded/captured Federal black troops by Confederate soldiers and guerrillas
62. 1865 Bloody Point Massacre 65 settlers were massacred by Modoc Indians
63. 1868 Battle of Washita River 140 – warriors, “some” women and a few children killed. 53 women and children taken hostage.
64. 1870 Marias Massacre 173 Piegan, mainly women, children and elderly.
65. 1871 Camp Grant Massacre 144, with 1 survivor at scene and 29 children sold to slavery. All but eight of the dead were Apache women or children.
66. 1872 Skeleton Cave Massacre 76 Yavapai Indians men, women and children killed.
67. 1873 Colfax massacre 83 -153 Blacks killed at courthouse and as prisoners afterwards
68. 1877 Thibodaux massacre as many as 300 killed, 5+ injuries to striking black sugar-cane workers.
69. 1890 Wounded Knee 130-250 Sioux murdered. 1890 South Dakota Home Guard militiamen ambushed and massacred 75 Sioux at the Stronghold, in the northern portion of Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
70. 1917 East St. Louis Massacre 200-700 deaths.
71. 1918 237 Black Sharecroppers Were Murdered In Arkansas
72. 1919 The Arkansas Massacre 854 deaths.
73. 1921 The Tulsa Massacre 300-3000 deaths
74. 1921 Greenwood Massacre 300 killed 800 wounded. One of the nation’s worst incidents of racial violence.
75. 1923 The Rosewood Massacre 150 deaths.

13 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Pigmentary Demarcation: Systematic Discrimination and Inhumane Treatment Defined by Skin Color

Kristeen Hernandez aka Lady2Soothe

Bigots have no shortage of language to express their small-mindedness; it’s a well-honed vernacular in a country still struggling with race even decades after constitutionally protected equality was established… When you’re accustomed to privilege, equality feels like oppression and as Toni Morrison said “In this country American means White. Everybody else has to hyphenate.”

Sign 2

Aution

Slave 11

Slaves chained together so they don’t escape from their Master.

Slave 12

Aetna Ins. Co. of Hartford CT. newspaper ad informing the public they’ve moved to a new location but are still offering “Negro Slaves for Sale”

Slave 15

46 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Slave 23

Additional Photos below

RACE describes categories assigned to demographic groups based on observable PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS such as SKIN COLOR, HAIR TEXTURE, LIP, NOSE and EYE SHAPE.

ETHNICITY refers to the SOCIAL CHARATERISTICS people may have in common, such as language, religion, regional background, culture, foods, etc. Ethnicity is revealed by the traditions one follows, a person’s native language, and so on.

NATIONALITY is the legal relationship between a person and a country.

RACISM is systematic discrimination because of race. It is the belief all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. Prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior. Racism was established long before nationality and religious bigotry existed.

In ancient Egypt there were no vowels; Negro was represented as N-G-R and pronounced en-jer, which is auditory for GOD. Therefore N-G-R: NEGRO translates to Devine Being or God. Moving forward to 735 BC Rome where the language of Latin came into use; Nigrum or Negro (pronounced neg-ro) meaning the color black originated as a neutral term referring to people with black skin.

(1280-1337) African ruler Mansa Musa was the fourteenth-century emperor of the Mali Empire. Mansa Musa established religious freedom. Education was free and encouraged. He even established a university. People came from all over the world to study at this famous university. When Muslim scholars visited Mali, they were surprised at the people’s clothes. About 90,000 men on duty at any one time to guard the gold mines and Traders always stopped at Mali as they knew they would be welcomed, fed, housed, and safe because of Mansa Musa’s generosity. Trade with Mali was always good for the traders who had come so far. Mansa Musa traveled with 100 camels, each carrying 300 lbs of gold. After adjusting for inflation, he was worth $400 billion in today’s currency which is more than Bill Gates and Warren Buffet combined, with $200 billion left over for good measure.

Skipping forward many centuries to the 1500’s and progressing through the mid-1800’s, the Atlantic Slave Trade transported over 10 million African’s; nearly 15% of slaves were captured in the River Niger Delta Region in West Africa and delivered to the coast to be sold at European trading ports. It is believed these slaves were called Niger’s (pronounced Ni-gir) to differentiate them from other regions such as the Congo, Angola or Cameroon.

Word alterations in the US and the negative connotations they elicit as a description of a “negro or “N,” with no value attached to the word itself. During the period of subjugation the words “N” or “Black” was situated in front of a first name to distinguish a slave from a White person with the same first name establishing the pigment demarcation line, thus becoming an intentional derogatory term to belittle and degrade.

The racial formation and derogatory use of the “N” word is not much different than plantation owners feeding slaves as cheaply as possible with poor quality leftover waste foods and scraps as a means of a complex social, economic and political system to control and punish. African slaves were extremely creative with their provisions which evolved into the distinct cuisine, Soul Food; the correlation and racial project being, by using the “N” word by Blacks in today’s culture; it is now elevated to a level of sophistication, thereby negating the disparaging intent.

Nigga vs Nigger is a representation of homophones with the “N” word defining peoples’ who are economically, politically, socially enslaved and dominated under the rule of oppression by the use of racial formation, or as Voltaire claimed “The negro race is a species of men different from ours as the breed of spaniels is from that of greyhounds”. While the word “nigga” is a phrase used in the Black community to define brotherhood, friendship, affections and at times even animosity, it’s the latter of the two which many Black’s chose to use as a term of endearment.

Slave 26

slave 24

Slave

Beating

Slave 9

Reward

Reward 2

FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT
Fugitive slave laws were laws passed by the United States Congress in 1793 and 1850 to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another state or territory. The idea of the fugitive slave law was derived from the Fugitive Slave Clause which is in the United States Constitution (Article IV, Section 2, Paragraph 3). It was thought forcing states to deliver escaped slaves to slave owners violated states’ rights due to state sovereignty and was believed that seizing state property should not be left up to the states. The Fugitive Slave Clause states escaped slaves “shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labor may be due”, which abridged state rights because retrieving slaves was a form of retrieving private property. After the compromise of 1850, the Supreme Court made slavery a protected institution and arranged a series of laws allowing slavery in the new territories and forced officials in Free States to give a hearing to slaveholders without a jury. Northerners felt like this was a kidnapping process.

Fugitive Slave #LetOurVoicesEcho

Massachusetts had abolished slavery in 1783, but the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 required government officials to assist slavecatchers in capturing fugitives within the state.

The cruelty of slavery.

Slave 22

Slave 21

The enslavement of African’s in the America’s by the nations and people’s of Western Europe created the economic engine which funded American Capitalism

Slave 5

Slave 6

Slave 10

Slave 1

1860

Slave 16

Slaves were punished for a variety of reasons, most of the time it was for working too slow or running away

Slave 13

The White Christian and moral influences have not only done little to prevent the Negro from becoming a criminal they deliberately shut him out of society.

Cudjo Lewis #LetOur Voices Echo

Cudjo Lewis (1841 – 1935) is considered the last survivor of the last slave ship to enter the United States. He was born around 1841 to a Yoruba family in the Bantè region of Dahomey (today Benin).

Slave 14

According to news sources “HE” made that nigger wear a bell for a year and took it off on Christmas as a present “It sho did make a good Nigger outta him”

Slave 2

Goldsboro NC … His pants have been pulled down and he was castrated.

Slave 4

Delaware 1907: Two prisoners in pillory and another tied to a whipping post below.

Slave 7

Young children were not immune from field work 6 days a week from dawn to dusk

Slave 30

Slave 18

slave 25

Wet Nursemaid: She was free, technically, and paid a wage of about 10 dollars a month. However, she was basically enslaved. She saw her own children once every 2 weeks, meaning she couldn’t use her own body to provide nourishment for her own children. To feed white children when you are racially oppressed by the white race was traumatizing to say the least. Negro nurses typically worked 14-16 hour days. She had to be at the child’s beck and call to feed and bathe this baby and take care of any older children in the household. It was dehumanizing and robbed her of her dignity.

Slave 8

Slave 3

Lincoln

Slave

Gordon, or Whipped Peter, was a slave on a Louisiana plantation who escaped from slavery in 1863. He would go on to serve as a soldier in the United States Colored Troops. Harper’s Weekly published photos of Gordon’s scarred back, the result of his time in slavery. The photos helped make slavery more real for those living in the North and accelerated the Union cause in the war.

Soldier

African-Americans made up less than 1 percent of the North’s population but were 10 percent of the Union Army. Black men weren’t allowed to join the army until 1863. About 180,000 Black men, more than 85 percent of eligible African-Americans in the Northern states, fought. While White soldiers earned $13 a month, Black soldiers earned only $10 — and then were charged a $3 clothing fee that lowered their monthly pay to $7. The highest paid Black soldier made less than the lowest paid White one. After protesting by refusing to accept their wages and gaining support from abolitionist Congressmen, Black soldiers finally received equal pay in 1864 — paid retroactively to their enlistment date.

Silas #LetOurVoicesEcho

Andrew Chandler and his slave Silas Chandler who accompanied his master to war as a “bodyguard.” This tintype is the only one of its kind showing a Confederate soldier with his slave. It was proven Silas was a slave through his pension records and he had not been set free or bought his freedom prior to the war and the Chandler family had not donated the land upon which Silas founded a church for former slaves after the war. The weapons in the famous photograph were props likely given to them just for the picture. READ MORE

Burying the Dead

Burying the Dead – Civil War

Whites Used Blacks as Alligator Bait

In 1908 the Washington Times reported that a keeper at the New York Zoological Garden baited “Alligators With Pickaninnies” out of their winter quarters. In the article two “small colored children happened to drift through the reptile house among the throng of visitors” and they were “pressed into service.” The alligators “wobbled out as quick as they could after the ebony mites, who darted around the tank just as the pursuing monsters fell with grunts of chagrin into the water.” The alligators were “coaxed” into their summer quarters by “plump little Africans”

The practice has been documented in at least three movies: “Alligator Bait” (1900) and “The ‘Gator and the Pickaninny” (1900). And the story of two black boys who served as alligator bait was told in “Untamed Fury” (1947).

Alligator Bait

Alligator Bait 2

Postcard depicting the lynching of Lige Daniels, Center, Texas, USA, August 3, 1920. Lyniching Blacks 2

Lots of Strange Fruit Strange FruitLyniching Blacks 1 Strange Fruit

Lynching 4

This mans’ pants are pulled down to humiliate and scare him before he’s castrated then hung

Laura NelsonLaura Nelson Okemah OK May 25, 1911

Slave 31

Fire 2Jesse Washington 17 yr. old May 15, 1916 Waco TX

Washington was accused of raping and murdering Lucy Fryer, the wife of his white employer in rural Robinson TX . Washington a mildly mentally challenged was tried for murder in Waco, in a courtroom filled with furious locals. The trial lasted about one hour and after four minutes of deliberation, the jury’s foreman announced a guilty verdict and a sentence of death. After his sentence was pronounced, he was dragged out of the court by observers, they put a chain on his neck and lynched him in front of Waco’s city hall. Over 16,000 spectators, including city officials and police, gathered to watch the attack. There was a celebratory atmosphere at the event, and many children attended during their lunch hour. Members of the mob castrated Washington, cut off his fingers so he couldn’t climb the chain, and hung him over a bonfire. He was repeatedly lowered and raised over the fire for about two hours. After the fire was extinguished, his charred torso was dragged through the town and parts of his body were sold as souvenirs. A professional photographer took pictures as the event unfolded, providing rare imagery of a lynching in progress. The pictures were printed and sold as postcards in Waco.

Fire

Lynching 2 guys

Lynching phone pole

Hang 1

Hang & white lady

Girl

15 #LetOurVoicesEcho

3 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Ruben(photo above) July 19, 1935 Ruben Stacy 32 hangs from a tree in Ft. Lauderdale FL. Stacy was lynched by a mob of angry masked White men who seized him from the custody of sheriff’s deputies for allegedly attacking a white woman.Hang 4

Hang 5

Hanged 6

Chained

Chained 2

Hanged

Hanged 7

Hang 8

Hang 9

Hang 10 Postcard

There’s a note attached to a body which reads: “Let this be a warning to you niggers to let white people alone or you will go the same way”

2 #LetOurVoicesEcho

4 #LetOurVoicesEcho

5 #LetOurVoicesEcho

6 #LetOurVoicesEcho

7 #LetOurVoicesEcho

8 #LetOurVoicesEcho

9 #LetOurVoicesEcho

10 #LetOurVoicesEcho

11 #LetOurVoicesEcho

12 #LetOurVoicesEcho

13 #LetOurVoicesEcho

14 #LetOurVoicesEcho

16 #LetOurVoicesEcho

17 #LetOurVoicesEcho

18 #LetOurVoicesEcho

20 #LetOurVoicesEcho

22 #LetOurVoicesEcho

35 #LetOurVoicesEcho

23 #LetOurVoicesEcho

24 #LetOurVoicesEcho

26 Paul Reed and Will Cato 1904 Statesboro GA

32 #LetOurVoicesEcho

28 #LetOurVoicesEcho

slave 20

29 #LetOurVoicesEcho

30 #LetOurVoicesEcho

31 #LetOurVoicesEcho

34 #LetOurVoicesEcho

36 #LetOurVoicesEcho

39 #LetOurVoicesEcho

40 #LetOurVoicesEcho

#LetOurVoicesEcho #BennieSimmons

Bennie Simmons soaked in coal oil before being set on fire

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_2

42 #LetOurVoicesEcho

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching #April1892

April 30, 1892

37 #LetOurVoicesEcho

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Black Execution #Noose

In 1919, in the wake of World War I, Black sharecroppers unionized in Little Rock Arkansas, which unleashed a wave of White Vigilantism and mass lynching’s leaving 237 people dead.

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Black Execution

If you were a Black defendant, good luck challenging the prosecutor who eliminated potential witnesses or impartial jurors.

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_4

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_5

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_7

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_8

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching_6#LetOurVoicesEcho #Black Execution #Noose #Michael Donald

1981 Michael Donald, 20 years old lynched by the Ku Klux Klan – Last reported lynching, although not the last lynching

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Lynching 1889-1921

Human Zoo’s


Ota Benga (c. 1883 – March 20, 1916) was a Congolese man, a  Mbuti pygmy known for being featured in an anthropology exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904, and in a human zoo exhibit in 1906 at the Bronx Zoo. Benga had been purchased from African slave traders by the explorer Samuel Phillips Verner, a businessman hunting Africans for the Exposition.

Displays of non-white humans as examples of “earlier stages” of human evolution were common in the early 20th century, when racial theories were frequently intertwined with concepts from evolutionary biology. Read more about Ota https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ota_Benga

27 #LetOurVoicesEcho

38 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Canon City

#LetOurVoicesEcho #KKK #JohnsonCounty #KlanRally

Tuskegee Overview

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

The Tuskegee syphilis experiment was an infamous clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972, ran for forty years in Macon County, Alabama during the mid-20th century, is one of the more appalling and deceitful of the bunch.by the U.S. Public Health Service to study the natural progression of untreated syphilis in rural African American men who thought they were receiving free health care from the U.S. government.

Public Health Service enrolled six hundred Macon County men, 399 with syphilis and 201 who weren’t infected, to be part of the study. None of the men actually knew what the study was for. They were lured in with the promise of “free health care,” something that none of them had, and treatment of “bad blood,” a general localized term that encompassed several different afflictions, including anemia, fatigue, and other venereal diseases.

The men were told that they were going to get free medical exams, meals, and burial insurance. For those who actually had syphilis, they were never informed of their diagnosis nor given any treatment for it. Additionally, very painful and unnecessary spinal taps were performed on many in the study.

Subjects of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment were never administered nor offered penicillin as treatment. The study administrators wanted to watch the progression of the disease as the men got sick and, in many cases, died for the forty years the study went on even though for much of it a relatively effective treatment was available. All total it’s estimated that 128 of the men died either directly from syphilis or complications related to it, 40 infected their wives (and in some cases possibly others), and there were 19 of the men’s children born with congenital syphilis.

Syphillis

Experiment 2

Experiment

Spinal

When asked why they had to receive several “back shots” (spinal taps) researcher’s repeatedly lied to the men, claims the shots were “therapeutic” when in fact the spinal taps gave insight to the infection from the spine canal to the brain.

#GeorgeStinney #Jim Crow #LetOurVoicesEcho

George Junius Stinney Jr.  (October 21, 1929 – June 16, 1944) just 14 years old was arrested for murdering two white girls, Betty June Binnicker, age 11, and Mary Emma Thames, age 7, deep in Jim Crow South in Alcolu, located in Clarendon County, South Carolina, on March 23, 1944. The girls disappeared while out riding their bicycle looking for flowers. As they passed the Stinney property, they asked young George Stinney and his sister, if they knew where to find “maypops” flower. When the girls didn’t return, search parties were organized, the girl’s bodies were found the next morning in a ditch filled with muddy water. Both had suffered severe head wounds.

Stinney was arrested within a few hours and he interrogated by several white officers in a locked room with no parents, no attorney and no witnesses aside from the officers. Within an hour, a deputy announced Stinney had confessed to the crime and led officers to “a hidden piece of iron”. There was no written record of his confession, only notes by an investigating deputy, and no transcript was recorded.

According to the alleged confession, Stinney (90 lbs, 5’1”) wanted to “have sex with”11-year-old Betty June Binnicker and could not do so until Mary Emma Thames, age 8, was removed from the scene; he decided to kill Mary Emma, both girls “fought back” so he decided to kill Betty June as well with a 15 inch railroad spike found in the same ditch a distance from the bodies.

A 2-hour trial was held, Stinney’s attorney did not cross-examine witnesses, his defense consisted of the claim Stinney was too young to be held responsible for the crimes. The all-white jury deliberated 10 minutes and found Stinney guilty of first-degree murder. That same day, the judge sentenced the teen to death by electric chair.

The execution was carried out at the South Carolina State Penitentiary in Columbia, South Carolina on the morning of June 16, 1944, 83 days after the crime. At 7:30 a.m. Stinney walked to the execution chamber, a bible under his arm which he used as a booster seat in the electric chair. There were difficulties strapping the boy who at 5’1” and just over 90 lbs. In addition, the face mask used in executions did not fit properly. When officials turned on the switch, 2,400 volts surged through Stinney’s body, causing the mask to slip off. His eyes were wide and teary, and saliva was emanating from his mouth for all the witnesses in the room to see. After two more jolts of electricity, it was over. Stinney was pronounced dead at 7:30 p.m., four minutes after the execution began and 83 days after the murders.

A deathbed confession by the culprits from a prominent tight-knit well-known white family stated: “A member, or members of our family, served on the initial coroner’s inquest jury which had recommended Stinney be prosecuted.”

The “piece of iron” with which the two girls had been killed weighed over twenty pounds. It was ruled George wasn’t able to lift it, let alone swing it hard enough to kill the two girls. 70 years later, on December 17, 2014, Judge Carmen T. Mullen overturned Stinney’s first-degree murder conviction, stating his sentencing was “cruel and unusual.” She wrote there was “a violation of the defendant’s procedural due process rights that tainted his prosecution. George Stinney is the youngest person in the United States ever put to death by the electric chair.

Cousins Recall Emmett Louis Till’s Murder
https://whatzenalotionbar.wordpress.com/emmett-tills-cousins-recall-historic-murder/

Sanger

45 #LetOurVoicesEcho

KKK

41 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Oppose

A poster rallying White voters to oppose enfranchisement allowing African American’s to vote

White OnlyLancaster Ohio 1938White Only 2

Freedom Riders

#LetOurVoicesEcho #HangedVoterSign 1

Detroit 1943-001

21 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Slave 17

Detroit

Police Dogs

ZA 22

ZA 23

Alabama State Troopers Attack John Lewis st the Edmund Pettis Bridge

ZA 21

Mumia Abu Jamal in his younger years as a member of The Philadelphia Chapter of the Black Panthers Party for Self Defense.

ZA 11

Fullscreen capture 972015 105851 PM.bmp

Fullscreen capture 972015 110038 PM.bmp

25 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Fullscreen capture 972015 110251 PM.bmp

1963 Demonstration Virginia

ZA 3

ZA 4

ZA 5

Detroit 1943

ZA 14

ZA 7

Segregated drinking fountains No. Carolina 1950

ZA 9

ZA 12

ZA 13

ZA 8

ZA 15

1963 Brother Malcolm Nation Building

ZA 10

White people abusing Blacks by pouring food and drinks on Black people

ZA 16

ZA 17

Seen around the borders of the curfew zone which makes explicit the policies of White People’s racism

ZA 18

ZA 19

ZA 20

ZA 1

ZA 2

16th St. Bombing

Lady

CollageSeptember 10, 1963 a white student had been photographed wearing a sign on his shirt that read “Keep West End White.” On either side of the word “Keep” appeared two Confederate flagsLittle Rock School

Patricia Marcus“Birmingham, ALA., Sept. 11, 1963 —CAR WINDOW SMASHED—One of two Negro girl students who desegregated West End High School in Birmingham sits in car and is partially framed by broken auto window. A rock was hurled through the window as the Negro girls were leaving the school area after class this afternoon. (APWirephoto) 1963”

#CivilRightsMovement #Racism #PoliceBrutality #LetOurVoicesEcho

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism #CivilRights 1963

1963 “Civil Disobedience” Brooklyn’ s Downstate Medical Center NY Solitary woman’s act of defiance was far from the deep South

West End High 1

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism_1

Black man being forced to kiss the foot of some White man

#LetOurVoicesEcho #Racism_2

West End High 2

Records

Hyde Park

Highest

Hobo 18Mississippi

44 #LetOurVoicesEcho

Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia
The Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia at Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan, displays a wide variety of everyday artifacts depicting the history of racist portrayals of African Americans in American popular culture.
1010 Campus Dr, Big Rapids, MI 49307
https://ferris.edu/jimcrow/

Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person 

https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/2015/12/02/explaining-white-privilege-to-White Mana-broke-white-person/

White HOuse

Jim Zwerg

Jim Zwerg

In 1961, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) began to organize Freedom Rides. The first departed from Washington DC and involved 13 black and white riders who rode into the South challenging white only lunch counters and restaurants. When they reached Anniston, Alabama one of the buses was ambushed and attacked. Meanwhile, at an SNCC meeting in Tennessee, Lewis, Zwerg and 11 other volunteers decided to be reinforcements. Zwerg was the only white male in the group. Although scared for his life, Zwerg never had second thoughts. He recalled, “My faith was never so strong as during that time. I knew I was doing what I should be doing.”

The group traveled by bus to Birmingham, where Zwerg was first arrested for not moving to the back of the bus with his black seating companion, Paul Brooks. Three days later, the riders regrouped and headed to Montgomery. At first the terminal there was quiet and eerie, but the scene turned into an ambush, with the riders attacked from all directions. . “Mr. Zwerg was hit with his own suitcase in the face. Then he was knocked down and a group pummeled him” The prostrate activist was beaten into unconsciousness somewhere around the time a man took Zwerg’s head between his knees while others took turns pounding and clawing at his face. At one point while Zwerg was unconscious, three men held him up while a woman kicked him in the groin. After it seemed that the worst of the onslaught was over, Zwerg gained semi-consciousness and tried to use the handrails to the loading platform to pull himself to his feet. As he struggled to get upright, a white man came and threw Zwerg over the rail. He crashed to the ground below, landing on his head. He was only the first to be beaten that day, but the attack on him may have been the most ruthless. Zwerg recalls, “There was nothing particularly heroic in what I did. If you want to talk about heroism, consider the black man who probably saved my life. This man in coveralls, just off of work, happened to walk by as my beating was going on and said ‘Stop beating that kid. If you want to beat someone, beat me.’ And they did. He was still unconscious when I left the hospital. I don’t know if he lived or died.”

Zwerg was denied prompt medical attention because there were no white ambulances available. “I suppose a person has to be dead before anyone will call an ambulance in Montgomery” were Jim’s words as he lay in the hospital bed after being brutally beaten. He remained unconscious for two days and stayed in the hospital for five days. His post-riot photos were published in many newspapers and magazines across the country. After his beating, Zwerg claimed he had had an incredible religious experience and God helped him to not fight back. In a 2013 interview recalling the incident, he said, “In that instant, I had the most incredible religious experience of my life. I felt a presence with me. A peace. Calmness. It was just like I was surrounded by kindness, love. I knew in that instance that whether I lived or died, I would be OK.” In a famous moving speech from his hospital room, Zwerg stated, “Segregation must be stopped. It must be broken down. Those of us on the Freedom Ride will continue…. We’re dedicated to this, we’ll take hitting, we’ll take beating. We’re willing to accept death. But we’re going to keep coming until we can ride from anywhere in the South to any place else in the South without anybody making any comments, just as American citizens.”

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
America was built on the back of Native Americans and Blacks; these are things EVERY White American should be ashamed of, certainly not proud of.
https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/america-was-built-on-the-back-of-native-americans-and-blacks/

By the way, the term “Final Solution” was not coined by the Nazis. It was Indian Affairs Superintendent, Duncan Campbell Scott, Canada’s Adolph Eichmann, who in April 1910 plotted out the planned murder to take care of the “Indian problem”.

101 Massacres – 23,000 plus, 1st Nation Peoples Exterminated by White Settlers and Military
https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/100-massacres/

press

Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

Minority Incarceration and Media’s Societal Engineering

Lady2Soothe

Jail

I’ve finally completed my Race and Gender in the Media Class and below is my final essay!!!

Societal Engineering of repetitive media messages focusing on minorities, particularly Blacks as nefarious thugs fail to take into account the majority of penal inmates are comprised of non-violent offenders. Covert strategy applied through media cautionary tales reaching the largest potential audience’s constant barrage of psychological programming is designed to perpetuate a constant state of anxiety, fear and apprehension.

Most people are totally unaware of the level of manipulation by indoctrination they’re subjected through content delivery. Antisocial messages embedded within episodic situational programming encourage and change audience attitudes by altering emotional arousal patterns under the guise of entertainment intended to influence cerebral behavior. This systematic pattern dominates mass media which is dependent on advertising revenue and political support which the media are incapable from detaching.

Jurors have been pre-conditioned through media to view handcuffed Black men entering courtrooms dressed in orange as guilty by reason of skin color. In 1984, nineteen year old Black youth [1]Darryl Hunt, from Winston-Salem, North Carolina, was convicted of the rape and murder of Deborah Sykes despite the fact there was no physical evidence tying him to the crime. Darryl was sentenced by an all-white jury to life in prison. Ten years later DNA testing cleared Darryl, however even after being exonerated Darryl spent an additional nine years in prison. After 19 years Hunt was released in 2004.

[2]Mandatory sentencing policy data reflect Black offenders are incarcerated at 5.6 times the rate and receive considerably longer sentences than White offenders. Nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population is Black, and 1 out of every 12 Black males between the ages of 30 and 34 are behind bars, compared with 1 in 60 White males of the same age group; herein lays the contradiction of mind control; Widely published National statistics present these figures “With the help of politicians and news media, criminal and Black has become so interchangeable that social psychology experiments testing implicit racial bias have found Whites view Blacks as less trustworthy, more violent, and innately criminal.”[3]

Repetitious lies, distorted messages, faulty analogies and circular reasoning formulated by politicians, produced by corporate media, and generated though news, television and broadcast agencies as factual is the systematic broken record technique of brain washing. “mind control is possible through the covert exploitation of the unconscious rules that underlie and facilitate healthy human social interactions. Common social rules can be used to prey upon the unwary” [4]. If something is repeated often enough the brain is mentally restrained and prone to suggestion and cannot differentiate between fantasy and reality. To underestimate coercive persuasion by hypnotizing millions of people into believing most if not all Black men are thugs and criminals deserving of prison, and most if not all White men are decent and pure, deserving of second chances is not fair, nor is it balanced, impartial or constitutionally legal which does not allow for due process and equal protection or representation under the law.

Legal assistance and attorney affordability are not synonymous. At the present time there are roughly 650,000 people around the country currently locked down in local jails, and nearly 70 percent of them haven’t been convicted of any crime. Among those awaiting trial, many are stuck behind bars because they can’t afford bail, they’re products of a system which regularly forces legally innocent people to serve time. Black men customarily don’t have the funds to retain high powered legal counsel many Whites are afforded such as in the case of the Affluenza Kid Ethan Couch [5], therefore are subjected to inferior services of disinterested, overworked, incompetent or inexperienced underpaid court-appointed attorneys who typically invest less than 15 minutes reviewing charges and interviewing clients. Without quality representation there is virtually no chance of acquittal.

In the majority of movies and TV, Whites are the saviors, the leaders, the smartest, boldest, sincerest; portrayed fighting with words and logic. Blacks are portrayed as smack talking, drug dealing liars and thugs who fight with guns. White screenwriters haven’t developed Black characters in meaningful ways so their lives and deaths mean nothing, confirming Black lives really don’t matter. Media repeatedly controls our thoughts by using violent imagery.

How impartial and unbiased can a juror be whose been inundated by a system of media propaganda significantly influencing, disrupting and compromising their collective freedom of choice, and can this process be routed out or determined during Voir Dire?

When media’s mind controlling contempt for Black men manifests as acceptable practice, it clarifies the extensive mistreatment and the disproportionately 20% longer mandatory prison sentencing for Black defendants than White defendants.

[1] “Darryl Hunt.” – The Innocence Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.
[2] Mauer, Marc, and Ryan S. King. Uneven Justice: State Rates of Incarceration By Race and Ethnicity (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
[3] Cox, Robynn. “Where Do We Go from Here? Mass Incarceration and the Struggle for Civil Rights.” Economic Policy Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.
[4] Cialdini, Robert B. Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. New York: Collins, 2007. Web.
[5] Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2015. Ethan Couch

In ancient Egypt there were no vowels

Lady2Soothe
Egypt

In ancient Egypt there were no vowels; Negro was represented as N-G-R and pronounced en-jer, which is auditory for GOD. Therefore N-G-R: NEGRO translates to Devine Being or God. Moving forward to 735 BC Rome where the language of Latin came into use; Nigrum or Negro (pronounced neg-ro) meaning the color black originated as a neutral term referring to people with black skin.

Skipping forward many centuries to the 1500’s and progressing through the mid 1800’s, the Atlantic Slave Trade transported over 10 million African’s; nearly 15% of slaves were captured in the River Niger Delta Region in West Africa and delivered to the coast to be sold at European trading ports. It is believed these slaves were called Niger’s (pronounced Ni-gir) to differentiate them from other regions such as the Congo, Angola or Cameroon.

Word alterations in the US and the negative connotations they elicit as a description of a “negro or “N,” with no value attached to the word itself. During the period of subjugation the words “N” or “Black” was situated in front of a first name to distinguish a slave from a White person with the same first name establishing the pigment demarcation line, thus becoming an intentional derogatory term to belittle and degrade.

I believe the racial formation and derogatory use of the “N” word is not much different than plantation owners feeding slaves as cheaply as possible with poor quality leftover waste foods and scraps as a means of a complex social, economic and political system to control and punish. African slaves were extremely creative with their provisions which evolved into the distinct cuisine, Soul Food; the correlation and racial project being, by using the “N” word by Blacks in today’s culture; it is now elevated to a level of sophistication, thereby negating the disparaging intent.

Nigga vs Nigger is a representation of homophones with the “N” word defining peoples’ who are economically, politically, socially enslaved and dominated under the rule of oppression by the use of racial formation, or as Voltaire claimed “The negro race is a species of men different from ours as the breed of spaniels is from that of greyhounds”. While the word “nigga” is a phrase used in the Black community to define brotherhood, friendship, affections and at times even animosity, it’s the latter of the two which many Black’s chose to use as a term of endearment.

One can’t pretend there isn’t a double standard; Blacks can say the “N” word without social consequence however when Whites use the “N” word it’s denoted as racial prejudice. The Gangsta Rap culture with popular songs such as Snoop Dogg’s “Doggy Style” Tupac’s “I’d Ratha Be Ya N.I.G.G.A”, Ice Cube’s “My Summer Vacation” and a myriad of other crowd-pleasing music genre have caused Whites, who are statistically the largest consumers of hip hop to feel justification to convert the “N” Word in lyrics to lifestyle linguistics without ever contemplating historical detriment or connection to deprivation, segregation, discrimination etc.

Thug is the new “N” word is repulsive and offensive yet it’s becoming an acceptable racial slur to describe Black men, especially young Black men. It’s alarming when Black youth are considered gangsters because of their apparel. The connotation, despite denotations are detrimental from both a mental standpoint and a safety point of view as exhibited by the monumental number of unarmed young Black men killed as a result of racial and Ethnic Profiling.

Please be assured this is absolutely not about promoting hate or the blaming of White’s. Also understand the difference between Indigenous White and Banker White….. The Banker White has never created a definition for who they are. Banker White meaning the Global Elite which is dominated by a small group of corrupt, power-hungry figures centered around the privately owned U.S. Federal Reserve who control the wealth of the world.

They’ve given us a definition for every race except for the split in theirs. The Banker White hides its identity inside the Indigenous White. This confusion causes strife, because no one knows how to properly separate the two. No one seems to understand, WE, the people are our own SLAVERY ENFORCERS for the Banker Whites.

Racism isn’t by choice but by programming. Most people of color see and understand this…….while most Whites don’t…..they have never been trained to hate their own color. They have never had to fight themselves due to imagery. This is White Privilege/White Entitlement. I don’t necessarily mean this in a bad way, just take notice. This is why people of color have never recovered from the brutality of America; we’ve never been allowed the chance. How can one recover when one race is always portrayed as clean and sin free and the other dumb and violent? How can we recover when we aren’t allowed to love ourselves without guilt?

Why is it “All Lives Matter” the most when Blacks and Natives try to speak out against injustice? Why didn’t All Lives Matter just 2 yrs. ago when we were being arrested and gunned down and before the NDAA didn’t include Whites? Why now? What about during the crack epidemic? Aids epidemic? Where were Whites when Trayvon’s murderer was being celebrated? Where were they when we demanded the release of Leonard Peltier? How can All Lives Matter when they’re just using this phrase to ignore other colors because privilege is being stripped away? How can All Lives Matter when they stand on this land regurgitating freedom for all while calling us primitive or ignorant? All Lives DON’T Matter…..what matters is to speak out louder, above us so we can’t be heard, because if you really believed that, you would allow us to speak for once.

I bring up these issues not to shove entitlements in the face of White America, but because entitlements are actually slavery to ourselves, gifted to us out of convenience, or through an educational media system which eternally lies. Face it, we/you, your parents and grandparents have been used as a weapon for the state.

Systemic racial profiling and nationwide police violence threaten the lives of Ethnic Americans – youth and adults EVERY day. Abuse against all people(s) regardless of race, color, national origin, homeless, religion, age, sexual orientation or manner of clothing is becoming abundantly rampant. Discriminatory racial profiling by police is nothing new and is huge in law enforcement, risking the lives of many innocent people.

Racial profiling whereby law-enforcement, intelligence, or homeland security personnel factor the race or ethnic characteristics of any given *suspect* into their respective decision making process. This practice became particularly controversial toward the end of the 20th century when civil rights leaders charge profiling was rooted in racism and the targeting, disproportionately and unjustly of Blacks and other non-white minorities.

As of Oct. 7, 2015 909 people have been killed by police since Jan. 1, 2015. Were they all Black? No, but Black males, age 15 to 19, are killed at a rate of 31.17% per million, while just 1.47% per million White males in that age range died at the hands of police. Young Black males are at a far greater risk of being shot dead by police than their white counterparts – 21 times greater.

The Unique Way the United States (dis)Unites its Citizens through their Differences


Reservations, Internment Relocation Centers and Ghettos are America’s Concentration Camps… Welcome to the United States; Land of the (not so) Free

Unique

Land

Elk 2

wk Wounded Knee So. Dakota Dec. 29, 1890Wounded knee

Dec. 29, 2015 marks the 125th Anniversary of the murder of 297 Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South. Dakota on December 29, 1890. These 297 PEOPLE, in their winter camp were murdered by Federal Agents and members of the 7th Cavalry who had come to confiscate their firearms” for “their own safety and protection”. The slaughter began AFTER the majority of Sioux had peacefully surrendered their firearms.

Wounded knee 2 Wounded Knee Dec. 29, 1890

SiouxSouth Dakota Jan. 10, 1891

Smallpox

SP 2

Dead Crow Indians

Million Buffalo

Santa Cruz Lynching 2

Yaqui IndiansDecomposing bodies of Yaqui Indians

Massacre

#LetOurVoicesEcho #AmericanIndian #Genocide #1891
“SEVERELY MALNOURISHED DAKOTA INDIAN WOMAN IN A TIPI”
Following the systemic slaughter of the Buffalo nations 1891

~ “It is, in the end, cheaper to feed the whole flock for a year than to fight them for a week.” -U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1850.
~ “They take our land, they take our hunting and then they force us to work for food that make us sick.”

On the Great Plains, tribes came to be seen grudgingly as “Wards of the Nation” and were guaranteed at least on paper, food rations by treaties signed with the United States government in exchange for their vast traditional lands.

Rations cards were issued by the Indian agent to the heads of each household for up to nine dependents once weekly. Rations were often late; the rotting meats caused sickness and death. Rations came in the form of beef, flour and pork with the occasional coffee, sugar, soap and tobacco. Indian agents came to use rations as a form of coercement, to threaten against participation in cultural gatherings, forcing Native families to send their children to government boarding schools often hundreds of miles away with the warning -“do this or I’ll take away your ration ticket!”

Over time, the promise of rations came to be seen as a burden by society of the day a view promoted by politicians and in the national media. Rations were then decreased and ultimately eliminated. Over time the land and climate could not sustain and support the small-scale agriculture the government Indian agents were forcing Natives into under the admonition prevalent at the time, “Till or starve!”.

Brutal winters killed the native’s cattle and the government issued passes for settler’s cattle herds to graze on supposedly protected reservations lands, these herds trampled and destroyed what crops the tribes planted and they did manage to grow.

Drought stalked the Plains then, as today. Traditional roots, berries, and plants on the reservation became over-foraged, and bison, who would have kept everyone fed, were by this time nearly extinct. Tribes no longer had an effective system of sharing food as was custom prior to reservation life that had always protected the poor, elderly, ill, and the disabled from starvation. Leading to despair, furthering the breakdown of ancient life ways in, culture and community.

~ “The government is ready to assist in their support, to grant them reservations, to give them food and make them presents; but it must and will, with sharp hand, enforce their respect to travel, their respect to lives and property, and their respect to trade throughout all this region. And if this cannot be secured, short of their utter extermination, why extermination it must be.”
– Schuyler Colfax, Speaker of the US House of Representatives, May 1865.

Waterboarding

Sign 2

Slave

Beating

Lincoln

Slave

Gordon, or Whipped Peter, was a slave on a Louisiana plantation who escaped from slavery in 1863. He would go on to serve as a soldier in the United States Colored Troops. Harper’s Weekly published photos of Gordon’s scarred back, the result of his time in slavery. The photos helped make slavery more real for those living in the North and accelerated the Union cause in the war.

Soldier

African-Americans made up less than 1 percent of the North’s population but were 10 percent of the Union Army. Black men weren’t allowed to join the army until 1863. About 180,000 Black men, more than 85 percent of eligible African-Americans in the Northern states, fought. While White soldiers earned $13 a month, Black soldiers earned only $10 — and then were charged a $3 clothing fee that lowered their monthly pay to $7. The highest paid Black soldier made less than the lowest paid White one. After protesting by refusing to accept their wages and gaining support from abolitionist Congressmen, Black soldiers finally received equal pay in 1864 — paid retroactively to their enlistment date.

Burying the Dead

Burying the Dead – Civil War

Postcard depicting the lynching of Lige Daniels, Center, Texas, USA, August 3, 1920. Lyniching Blacks 2

Lots of Strange Fruit Strange FruitLyniching Blacks 1 Strange Fruit

Lynching 4

Laura NelsonLaura Nelson Okemah OK May 25, 1911

Fire 2Jesse Washington 17 yr. old May 15, 1916 Waco TX

Washington was accused of raping and murdering Lucy Fryer, the wife of his white employer in rural Robinson TX . Washington a mildly mentally challenged was tried for murder in Waco, in a courtroom filled with furious locals. The trial lasted about one hour and after four minutes of deliberation, the jury’s foreman announced a guilty verdict and a sentence of death. After his sentence was pronounced, he was dragged out of the court by observers, they put a chain on his neck and lynched him in front of Waco’s city hall. Over 16,000 spectators, including city officials and police, gathered to watch the attack. There was a celebratory atmosphere at the event, and many children attended during their lunch hour. Members of the mob castrated Washington, cut off his fingers so he couldn’t climb the chain, and hung him over a bonfire. He was repeatedly lowered and raised over the fire for about two hours. After the fire was extinguished, his charred torso was dragged through the town and parts of his body were sold as souvenirs. A professional photographer took pictures as the event unfolded, providing rare imagery of a lynching in progress. The pictures were printed and sold as postcards in Waco.

Fire

Lynching 2 guys

Lynching phone pole

Hang 1

Hang & white lady

Girl

Ruben(photo above) July 19, 1935 Ruben Stacy 32 hangs from a tree in Ft. Lauderdale FL. Stacy was lynched by a mob of angry masked White men who seized him from the custody of sheriff’s deputies for allegedly attacking a white woman.Hang 4

Hang 5

Hanged 6

Chained

Chained 2

Hanged

Hanged 7

Hang 8

Hang 9

Hang 10 Postcard

Cousins Recall Emmett Louis Till’s Murder
https://whatzenalotionbar.wordpress.com/emmett-tills-cousins-recall-historic-murder/

Sanger

KKK

Oppose

A poster rallying White voters to oppose enfranchisement allowing African American’s to vote

White OnlyLancaster Ohio 1938White Only 2

Freedom Riders

Sign 1

Detroit 1943-001

Police Dogs

Detroit 1943

16th St. Bombing

Lady

CollageSeptember 10, 1963 a white student had been photographed wearing a sign on his shirt that read “Keep West End White.” On either side of the word “Keep” appeared two Confederate flagsLittle Rock School

15-year-old Elizabeth Eckford attempts to attend classes at Little Rock Central High School as an angry mob followed her, yelling, “Drag her over this tree! Let’s take care of that nigger!'” and “Lynch her! Lynch her!” “No nigger bitch is going to get in our school!”

Patricia Marcus“Birmingham, ALA., Sept. 11, 1963 —CAR WINDOW SMASHED—One of two Negro girl students who desegregated West End High School in Birmingham sits in car and is partially framed by broken auto window. A rock was hurled through the window as the Negro girls were leaving the school area after class this afternoon. (APWirephoto) 1963”

West End High 1

West End High 2

Records

Hyde Park

Relocation Explaination

Japs 1

Japs 2

Japanese Internment Instructions

Japs 3

9066

Executive

Stop

ManzanarManzanar Relocation Camp CaliforniaCamp Holsworthy Interment Camp New South Wales California 1917

J Lady & Baby

Cattle Truck

Interment 3

J man

Interment 1

Internment 5

Manzanar82 Japanese Americans arriving at Manzanar Internment Camp Owens Valley CA March 24, 1942

Manzanar 2

Book

Chinese stoneThe Great Depression 1930’s

bankPresident Hoover held the belief Americans should be self-reliant and not depend on government so he took a very conservative approach to solving the economic difficulties created by the banking industry. Andrew Mellon (1855–1937), secretary of the treasury under Presidents Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover, two of America’s richest men. He saw to it that tax cuts for the wealthy passed through Congress. For relief for the needy he depended on private charities and asked Americans to donate.

Despite the general appearance of prosperity in the 1920s, Americans did not share wealth equally. Many people had few material goods and no way to change their position; a few people have a great deal of wealth and were determined to keep that wealth for themselves. The top 1 percent of the population saw a 75 percent increase. However America’s 27.5 million families, 78 percent, 21.5 million were not able to save anything after necessities were purchased. These 21.5 million earned under $3,000 a year. Six million of them earned less than $1,000 yearly.

Depression 1930's 1

Depression 1930's 15

Depression 1930's

DB 5

Depression 1930's 2

DB 3

Depression 1930's 3

Depression 1930's

Depression 1930's 6

Depression 1930's 7

Depression 1930's 9

Child LaborChild labor and abuse Depression 1930's 10
Depression 1930's 12

Depression 1930's 16

Depression 1930's 17

DB 4

DB 5

DB 2

Highest

Hobo 18Mississippi

Soup

During the Great Depression people lined up to get food at soup kitchens. Skilled and non-skilled workers stood in lines for hours to get some food.Soup 2

Capone

Unemployed

New York City in November 1933, about 5,000 people, many of whom started gathering by 5 a.m., line up outside the New York Labor Bureau.

3's

The Great Depression of the 1930’s was catastrophic for all workers. But as usual, Blacks suffered worse, pushed out of unskilled jobs previously scorned by Whites before the depression. Blacks faced unemployment of 50 percent or more, compared with about 30 percent for Whites. Black wages were at least 30 percent below those of White workers, who themselves were barely at subsistence level.

There was no relief from the liberal Roosevelt administration, whose National Recovery Act (NRA) of 1933 was soon referred to by Blacks as the Negro Removal Act. Although its stated goal was nondiscriminatory hiring and an equal minimum wage for Whites and Blacks, NRA public works projects rarely employed Blacks and maintained racist wage differentials when they did.

Pregnant women exposed to radiation Vanderbilt University
Between the years of 1945 and 1947, researchers at Vanderbilt University conducted a twisted experiment in which hundreds of pregnant women were exposed to radiation intentionally for the purpose of testing how it affected both the child and mother.

The study was funded by the U.S. Public Health Service and overseen by the Tennessee State Department of Health. All of these women were poor and had no knowledge of the experiment, and were never informed that they were a part of a study.

At the Tennessee clinic, 829 pregnant women served radioactive iron as part of their regular treatment.These young women came to the clinic thinking that they were getting vitamins to drink, that this would help their babies. And in fact, what was being studied was how fast the radio iodine crossed into the placenta. . At least seven of the babies later died from cancers and leukemia, and the women themselves experienced rashes, bruises, anemia, loss of hair and tooth, and cancer.

And very strange cancers at young ages. [Interview Eileen Welsome] Plutonium Files: How the U.S. Secretly Fed Radioactivity to Thousands of Americans

The story broke into the news after decades when three women—Emma Craft, Helen Hutchison and her daughter, Barbara—filed a lawsuit against the university for exposing them to radiation.

“Mrs. Craft, 72, said at a Senate hearing on Jan. 25 the experiments caused the cancer death of her 11-year-old daughter, Carolyn, in 1959.” The other women reported symptoms and ailments that coincide with radiation poisoning.

The Final Solution: First it was Identification, then Isolation, Deportation and finally Extermination
On January 20, 1942, fifteen leading officials of the Nazi state met at a villa in Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, to discuss the ‘Final solution of the Jewish Question’. The ‘Final solution’ was a code name for the murder of all the Jews of Europe.

The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide by Robert Jay Lifton
An Auschwitz survivor asked Lifton about the Nazi doctors, “Were they monsters when they did what they did? Or were they human beings?” Lifton turned to him and replied “They were and are men, which are my justification for studying them; and their behavior. Auschwitz itself was a product of specifically human ingenuity and cruelty. Neither brilliant nor stupid, neither inherently evil nor particularly ethically sensitive, they were by no means demonic figures, sadistic, fanatic, lusting to kill. They were people, if they were monsters they would be uninteresting; but the fact they were people makes it imperative we understand them.
http://www.holocaust-history.org/lifton/contents.shtml

Hitler, studied the plans of Bosque Redondo
Hitler was very interested in the way the Indian population had rapidly declined due to epidemics and starvation in the United States. The Nazis, under Hitler, studied the plans of Bosque Redondo when he designed concentration camps for Jews.

The 1864 deportation and attempted ethnic cleansing of “Diné” Navajo by the U.S. government which 8,000 Navajos were forced to walk more than 300 miles at gunpoint from their ancestral homelands in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico to an internment camp in Bosque Redondo, a desolate tract on the Pecos River in eastern New Mexico. Many died along the way. From 1863 to 1868, the U.S. Military persecuted and imprisoned 9,500 Navajo and 500 Mescalero Apache (the N’de). Living under armed guards, in holes in the ground, with extremely scarce rations, it is no wonder that more than 3,500 Navajo and Mescalero Apache men, women, and children died while in the concentration camp.

“If we understand the past maybe now we can understand the future”
“It’s hard to look at these things, and that’s why we must look at these things.They unleash in us the feeling of shame: shame not because we were the perpetrators, but shame because we are the same species that perpetrated these crimes. If you feel uncomfortable, that’s good. For if we ever feel comfortable, if we ever feel easy, then something deeply and profoundly moral within our own humanity has been deeply shattered and lost.”… Michael Berenbaum Ph.D.. Director Sigi Ziering Holocast Institute
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Berenbaum

White Man

Explaining White Privilege to a Broke White Person https://letourvoicesecho.wordpress.com/2015/12/02/explaining-white-privilege-to-a-broke-white-person/

Equal Justice Initiative ~ A HISTORY OF RACIAL INJUSTICE
https://racialinjustice.eji.org/timeline/

Photos Courtesy of Christian Racism

 
  press
Kristeen Irigoyen-Hernandez
Human Rights Advocate, Researcher/Chronological Archivist and member in good standing with the Constitution First Amendment Press Association (CFAPA.org)

 

Off Duty Black Officers In New York Say They Fear Fellow Cops

Thank you Michelle Conlin

Privilge

From the dingy donut shops of Manhattan to the cloistered police watering holes in Brooklyn, a number of black NYPD officers say they have experienced the same racial profiling that cost Eric Garner his life.

Garner, a 43-year-old black man suspected of illegally peddling loose cigarettes, died in July after a white officer put him in a chokehold. His death, and that of an unarmed black teenager in Ferguson, Missouri, has sparked a slew of nationwide protests against police tactics. On Saturday, those tensions escalated after a black gunman, who wrote of avenging the black deaths on social media, shot dead two New York policemen.

The protests and the ambush of the uniformed officers pose a major challenge for New York Mayor Bill De Blasio. The mayor must try to ease damaged relations with a police force that feels he hasn’t fully supported them, while at the same time bridging a chasm with communities who say the police unfairly target them.

What’s emerging now is that, within the thin blue line of the NYPD, there is another divide – between black and white officers.

Reuters interviewed 25 African American male officers on the NYPD, 15 of whom are retired and 10 of whom are still serving. All but one said that, when off duty and out of uniform, they had been victims of racial profiling, which refers to using race or ethnicity as grounds for suspecting someone of having committed a crime.

The officers said this included being pulled over for no reason, having their heads slammed against their cars, getting guns brandished in their faces, being thrown into prison vans and experiencing stop and frisks while shopping. The majority of the officers said they had been pulled over multiple times while driving. Five had had guns pulled on them.

Desmond Blaize, who retired two years ago as a sergeant in the 41st Precinct in the Bronx, said he once got stopped while taking a jog through Brooklyn’s upmarket Prospect Park. “I had my ID on me so it didn’t escalate,” said Blaize, who has sued the department alleging he was racially harassed on the job. “But what’s suspicious about a jogger? In jogging clothes?”

The NYPD and the Patrolmen’s Benevolent  Association, the police officers’ union, declined requests for comment. However, defenders of the NYPD credit its policing methods with transforming New York from the former murder capital of the world into the safest big city in the United States.

EX-POLICE CHIEF SKEPTICAL
“It makes good headlines to say this is occurring, but I don’t think you can validate it until you look into the circumstances they were stopped in,” said Bernard Parks, the former chief of the Los Angeles Police Department, who is African American.

Parks

“Now if you want to get into the essence of why certain groups are stopped more than others, then you only need to go to the crime reports and see which ethnic groups are listed more as suspects. That’s the crime data the officers are living with.”

Blacks made up 73 percent of the shooting perpetrators in New York in 2011 and were 23 percent of the population.

A number of academics believe those statistics are potentially skewed because police over-focus on black communities, while ignoring crime in other areas. They also note that being stopped as a suspect does not automatically equate to criminality. Nearly 90 percent of blacks stopped by the NYPD, for example, are found not to be engaged in any crime.

The black officers interviewed said they had been racially profiled by white officers exclusively, and about one third said they made some form of complaint to a supervisor.

All but one said their supervisors either dismissed the complaints or retaliated against them by denying them overtime, choice assignments, or promotions. The remaining officers who made no complaints said they refrained from doing so either because they feared retribution or because they saw racial profiling as part of the system.

In declining to comment to Reuters, the NYPD did not respond to a specific request for data showing the racial breakdown of officers who made complaints and how such cases were handled.

White officers were not the only ones accused of wrongdoing. Civilian complaints against police officers are in direct proportion to their demographic makeup on the force, according to the NYPD’s Civilian Complaint Review Board.

Indeed, some of the officers Reuters interviewed acknowledged that they themselves had been defendants in lawsuits, with allegations ranging from making a false arrest to use of excessive force. Such claims against police are not uncommon in New York, say veterans.

STUDIES FIND INHERENT BIAS
Still, social psychologists from Stanford and Yale universities and John Jay College of Criminal Justice have conducted research – including the 2004 study “Seeing Black: Race, Crime and Visual Processing” – showing there is an implicit racial bias in the American psyche that correlates black maleness with crime.

John Jay professor Delores Jones-Brown cited a 2010 New York State Task Force report on police-on-police shootings – the first such inquiry of its kind – that found that in the previous 15 years, officers of color had suffered the highest fatalities in encounters with police officers who mistook them for criminals.

There’s evidence that aggressive policing in the NYPD is intensifying, according to data from the New York City Comptroller.

Police misconduct claims – including lawsuits against police for using the kind of excessive force that killed Garner – have risen 214 percent since 2000, while the amount the city paid out has risen 75 percent in the same period, to $64.4 million in fiscal year 2012, the last year for which data is available.

REPORTING ABUSE
People who have taken part in the marches against Garner’s death – and that of Ferguson teenager Michael Brown – say they are protesting against the indignity of being stopped by police for little or no reason as much as for the deaths themselves.

“There’s no real outlet to report the abuse,” said Brooklyn Borough President Eric Adams, a former NYPD captain who said he was stigmatized and retaliated against throughout his 22-year career for speaking out against racial profiling and police brutality.

Officers make complaints to the NYPD’s investigative arm, the Internal Affairs Bureau, only to later have their identities leaked, said Adams.

One of the better-known cases of alleged racial profiling of a black policeman concerns Harold Thomas, a decorated detective who retired this year after 30 years of service, including in New York’s elite Joint Terrorism Task Force.

Shortly before 1 a.m. one night in August 2012, Thomas was leaving a birthday party at a trendy New York nightclub.

Off 1

Wearing flashy jewelry, green sweatpants and a white t-shirt, Thomas walked toward his brand-new white Escalade when two white police officers approached him. What happened next is in dispute, but an altercation ensued, culminating in Thomas getting his head smashed against the hood of his car and then spun to the ground and put in handcuffs.

“If I was white, it wouldn’t have happened,” said Thomas, who has filed a lawsuit against the city over the incident. The New York City Corporation Counsel said it could not comment on pending litigation.

At an ale house in Williamsburg, Brooklyn last week, a group of black police officers from across the city gathered for the beer and chicken wing special. They discussed how the officers involved in the Garner incident could have tried harder to talk down an upset Garner, or sprayed mace in his face, or forced him to the ground without using a chokehold. They all agreed his death was avoidable.

Said one officer from the 106th Precinct in Queens, “That could have been any one of us.”

Off 2

Until You Get Mad It’s Going To Get Worse

Thank you Deloris Gantt

Deloris

I am saddened tonight. I had mixed feelings about all the protest going around until I talk to my children. As a mother of five young boys I realize that their chance to reach 21 is endangered. My 15 year old is already stereotyped as a thug because he wears a hoodie or beanie despite the fact it is 30 degrees out side. My ten year old is a prethug although he is a straight A student and plays basketball because he loves caps and jerseys. My nine year old is already a scientist but he too will be considered a danger to society because he is black. My 5 and 7 year olds have to hope to make it to 15 because they come from an environment where thugs are considered breeded. My 15 year old told them today if the police say something to you just get on your knees with your hands up so that the police can beat you up. Pray and stay still so you can live to testify. This brought tears to my eyes. Then on the radio they mention a bill passed in Chicago about it being illegal to video the police, in fact it will be a felony. I asked my children what do you think we can do to change all of this. My oldest said “Mom I am doomed but to save them you have to join the revolution because until you get mad it is going to get worse. How do you think Oscar Grant and Travon Martin mothers feel, do you want to be on the news like Michael Browns mom. Now is the time to be mad not when you have to plan my funeral.” Damn **** just got real, when we should be discussing college we are talking about death. Our sons are in trouble and yes I think some protest should be more peaceful but no one pays attention to them. I think that no protest is condoning it. I am working with my son on a proposal to start a Mother’s protest. Save our sons. Why are we so blind to what is happening and in denial about the rights of black people? So what, it is an inconvenience that a road is blocked or some stuff is burning down. Our kids are dying to injustice. And all we do is tear up stuff. Shame on you black people that say they shouldn’t of never done that, what if that is your child or you. Let’s join our young people and help them with the struggle even if it is mentoring them and coming up with better ways of drawing attention to this problem and fighting for their civil rights. Even murders get to see a judge why are our children sentences to death. I urge everyone to be involved in their community and fight for lives.

Authored by Deloris Gantt

Fullscreen capture 11292014 94510 PM.bmp

Black Open Carry Protesters Marching Against Police Brutality


Thank you Counter Current News by Abu Hussein

Huey P Newton Club

They call themselves the Huey P. Newton Gun Club, named after the co-founder of the Black Panther Party For Self Defense. Like the defunct organization which called for reform of community policing, demanding that police come from the neighborhoods they serve, the Huey P. Newton Gun Club says they are marching “to promote self-defense and community policing” in response to the recent high profile stories about police shooting unarmed African Americans across the country.

To the protesters, “community policing” is more than just a word. Communities should be protected by members of the community, and held accountable. Ironically this was the original vision for community policing, articulated in 1812 by Sir Robert Peel. That’s right, it may surprise many to discover that our communities have only had police as we know them for a little over 200 years. Even then, it took a little while for Peel’s concept of police forces to make its way to the United States. Since then it has become a norm that many cannot imagine a time before.

In Texas, the Huey P. Newton Gun Club are following in the footsteps of Newton, who was a law major, striving to stay within the bounds of legality. Though the historical Black Panthers had a notable slip-up which led to then Governor Ronald Reagan signing the Mulford Act which prohibited carrying loaded guns in public space. The goal of the Panthers, as they explained it, was to assert the rights of the people to defend themselves against corrupt police, within the bounds of the law. The Huey P. Newton Gun Club says that’s exactly what they are doing today with their open carry protests.

Police have kept a close eye on the protesters, while also trying to keep their distance. One officer we talked to said “there’s really nothing we can do about it. Open carry protests are not against the law.”

Others refused to comment.

As the open carry protesters marched down MLK Boulevard and Malcolm X Boulevard chanting “justice for Michael Brown,” the unarmed African American teenager shot and killed by police in suburban St. Louis town of Ferguson, police looked uneasy.

Since that first protest, the Huey P. Newton Gun Club has hit the streets again. They say “black open carry is here to stay.”

Far from being focused only by the Mike Brown shooting, the Huey P. Newton Gun Club says that their goal is “to shed light on local shootings by police.”

“We think that all black people have the right to self-defense and self-determination,” said Huey Freeman, the organizer of one of this Fall’s marches. “We believe that we can police ourselves and bring security to our own communities.”

Freeman said Wednesday’s marchers planned to patronize several South Dallas businesses to keep their money in the community and teach their neighbors about their “right to self-defense.” The group says that they are here to educate people about their rights, and to defend against illegal violence perpetrated by rogue officers or even drug dealers.

Many passers-by honked and waved in support. Most were African American, but many were Caucasian and Latino.

“We need to arm ourselves, not to attack anybody, but in self-defense,” an open carry protester said. “We can’t let people just come into our community, whether they are law enforcement or not, and just gun our people down and there is no accountability.”

Dallas police officers appeared to follow the demonstrators in unmarked police cars. Toward the beginning of the 90-minute demonstration, a couple of police cars temporarily blocked off MLK Boulevard so the protesters could safely cross the street.

Christina Smith, acting commander of the Police Department’s strategic deployment bureau, explained “it is standard protocol for non-uniformed officers to be present at all scheduled protests/rallys in order to protect the rights of the demonstrators as well as other citizens.”

Protester Charles Goodson, said “I would rather them not be here because there are many issues going on here with regards to police brutality. But, at the same time, if it helps the community by seeing the police here or makes people more comfortable, then that’s fine.”

The earlier August protest saw a strong police presence, even while officers kept their distance. At one point the police blocked off the street to allow the protesters to cross traffic safely. Other than that officers said they were not going to stop them. Protesters too said that they were more or less indifferent to the police presence, as they were “irrelevant” to the legal and peaceful march.

Now a second, larger open carry “armed self-defense patrol” took to the streets this October, marching around Dixon Circle. This is where James Harper was shot and killed by a Dallas officer in July of 2012 when a raid was executed on his home, sparking outrage in the community.

“The end goal is to establish the situation where all black people in every community are armed,” Darren Ecks, an open carry protester with the group said. “They’re ready to do self-defense, not just against the police department, but against drug dealers or against anybody that would bring harm to the communities.”

Police Want To Get Rid of Cop Who Shot John Crawford

Thank you Jackson Marciana; Zeidy David; E.J. Newsman, et al.


John Cradford Cop

When Officer Sean Williams gunned down John Crawford in the Beavercreek, Ohio Walmart, two of our citizen journalists were on the scene within what amounted to minutes.

“What took the longest was getting into the parking lot. We were on our way to Colonel Glenn, one block parallel to a different store. But when a number of officers swarmed the shopping center, we decided to pull in and see what was going on,” our reporters explained.

It didn’t take long to find out some of the specifics, “people were running everywhere, to their cars, to other stores like Office Depot. They were trying to get as far away from Walmart as possible.”

Why? “They said there was a ‘crazed gun man firing at shoppers.’ Little did we know then, but this ‘crazed gunman’ who they were referring to was not John Crawford, it was Officer Williams,” our other citizen journalist on the scene added.

Our reporters say that they’ve deliberately kept their names out of this because of previous harassment by the Beavercreek Police Department.

“A couple of years ago we filmed the Beavercreek cops arresting a lady who was begging for money on Christmas Eve. We had just given her some cash and we watched the Beavercreek cops literally pocket it. We pulled over and started filming. We gave her another $20 and challenged the officer to steal it while we were filming.”

But it didn’t end there. “The officer began screaming at us that we were not to approach him. He was grabbing his sidearm, even though we were a good 15 or more feet away. We left, realizing that we were about to get shot, and we put the video on YouTube.”

That’s when the threats from Beavercreek cops began.

“We were threatened day in and day out for a month. The Beavercreek cops called us, inboxed us at email addresses they should not have known. They threatened us with personal harm and even threatened to get us kicked out of [local University].”

Eventually they took the video down and the threats from the Beavercreek police came to an end.

“It didn’t surprise us when we heard about the Beavercreek Police shooting a black man in Walmart. That is what they do: they arrest or – in this case – kill people who come in from outside of the area and make the town seem lower income. The Supreme Court even had to stop them from their racist ban on bus stops, which aimed to keep black people out of Fairfield Commons Mall.” That mall is right across the street from the Walmart where John Crawford was shot.

Our reporters told us something else about the Beavercreek Police that might surprise you.

“The funny thing is, there are some decent folks in the Beavercreek department. I know a couple of them from […] and one has told me several things about this case… but they wish to remain anonymous, of course.”

We, of course, have withheld the connection of our reporters to the officers they referred to, as this would compromise anonymity.

Our reporter turned to one of these sources in the Beavercreek Police Department in particular, early on when we were the first to identify the single shooter of Crawford. They told us the specific name and history of Officer Sean Williams, before any of this was public knowledge, as well as the fact that he had killed before, in fact being the only Beavercreek officer to have killed anyone in the line of work in the history of the department.

So we turned to them again about this case, and this is what they told our reporters…
“Nobody on the force wants Williams here anymore.”

“Why?” our reporters asked. “Could you elaborate?”

“He’s a liability. We all know it. There was an investigation last time he shot someone. It seemed more clear cut, but the family disputed his claims – said that he never charged him with the knife, that Williams was lying. I don’t know who is telling the truth, and neither did anyone else except the family, Sean and a dead vet[eran].”

We asked further, “what about him being a liability? Why won’t the Chief just fire him?”

“It’s not that simple,” the officer explained to us. “He has history here: family history. The Chief honors that.”

The officer seemed to have been referring to the fact that Officer Sean William’s father works for the department and has for decades. He in fact parked a K-9 unit vehicle with a barking police dog right near where protesters were blocking the entrance to the department during last week’s occupation of the Beavercreek Police Department. In spite of the illegal barricade and goading arrest by activists, police stood down as the department was shut down.

“Sean is a lose cannon. That’s how many of us feel. We want to get back to work. But he’s making this our daily priority. We’re constantly being briefed about one thing or another related to this case. Once he’s back on the beat, what if he shoots someone else? Is this just something we have to expect every few years now?”

We asked the officer if this is the general consensus among officers at the Beavercreek Police Department.

“Everyone doesn’t feel as strongly about this as I do, but I would say yes, that is the general climate, aside from people close to [the Williams family].”

This Saturday there is a major protest demanding justice for John Crawford at the state capital in Columbus. The officer we spoke to encouraged protesters to “keep it up. There is nothing you are doing that is illegal. If other cops don’t like it: too damn bad.”

We asked about the blockade of the department too, they replied: “I am not privy to all of the details, but I will tell you that while there was some discussion, I don’t think anyone was ever going to get arrested. The Department is out of the way for many reasons. But one is that you can protest there all day and no one will know unless they know. It was an inconvenience, but at the end of the day, Chief told you that he’s gonna do whatever-the-hell he wants anyway. So you packed up, you went home. That’s what he knew would happen. He’s just hoping it all blows over and fizzles out. If arrests would have been made, it would have brought more attention to this. He [the Chief] just wants this to go away – I just want this to go away. But we disagree on what that means for Sean. I don’t think this can or even should go away until he is off the streets for good. Then we can get back to doing our jobs.”

Help us get the word out. The movement to bring justice for John Crawford is just getting started!

Just Because He’s Black, Doesn’t Mean He’s Here To Rob A House

Thank you Simon McCormack


Hammond Police Break Window and Tase Man!
Family files excessive force lawsuit against Indiana police for their actions during a traffic stop for a seat belt violation.(10-7-14)

‘Just Because He’s Black, Doesn’t Mean He’s Here To Rob A House’

An interaction between Washington, D.C. police, a black handyman and a white lawyer could shine a light on the way race affects people’s interactions with authorities.

The video above shows Dennis Stucky seated on the curb in Foxhall, a wealthy neighborhood in D.C last week. A black female officer has stopped Stucky in connection with a reported burglary in an adjacent neighborhood three-quarters-of-a-mile away.

Although the alarm was sounding in an adjacent subdivision — three-quarters of a mile away by car — one of the officers ordered the 64-year-old man to sit on the curb while she put on disposable gloves and prepared to search him.

Jody Westby, a resident and lawyer, rushed to Stucky’s defense, angrily telling the officers that Stucky had been a neighborhood fix-it man for 30 years and that they were not at the right house. The officers reluctantly freed Stucky, who lives in Southeast and said he feels he was stopped “because I’m black.”
.
“Just because he’s black, doesn’t mean he’s here to rob a house,” Westby says in the video, which was filmed by Westby’s housekeeper.

Stucky was released by the police who said they stopped him because he was carrying bags and the burglary had just been called in.

District police spokesperson Gwendolyn Crump said “there’s no misconduct by the officer in that video.”

What is most interesting about the encounter, is how confidently Westby behaves toward the officers and how much leeway they give her during the incident.

“The level of comfort with which she communicates with the officers due to her knowledge of the law and lack of fear of retribution offers a lesson about how the intersection of race, class and privilege can impact the interactions between police officers and some residents,” Yates writes.

“Westby proceeds to chastise the officer for harassing Stucky, and tells them they need to leave. She’s pointing her fingers and gesturing toward the car window. That’s the type of behavior that coming from many other people would be considered dangerous, threatening or violent in some way.”

George Junius Stinney Jr.

by Lady2Soothe

George Stiney

George Junius Stinney Jr. (October 21, 1929 – June 16, 1944) was, at age 14, the youngest person executed in the United States in the 20th century. Stinney was arrested on suspicion of murdering two girls, Betty June Binnicker, age 11, and Mary Emma Thames, age 8, in Alcolu, located in Clarendon County, South Carolina, on March 23, 1944. No witnesses were called for the defense. The trial lasted two and a half hours. The jury took ten minutes to deliberate before it returned with a ‘guilty’ verdict.

The execution of George Stinney was carried out at the South Carolina State Penitentiary in Columbia, on June 16, 1944. At 7:30 p.m., Stinney walked to the execution chamber with a Bible under his arm, which he later used as a booster seat in the electric chair. Standing 5 foot 1 inch (155 cm) tall and weighing just over 90 pounds (40 kg) he was small for his age, which presented difficulties in securing him to the frame holding the electrodes. Nor did the state’s adult-sized face-mask fit him; as he was hit with the first 2,400 V surge of electricity, the mask covering his face slipped off, “revealing his wide-open, tearful eyes and saliva coming from his mouth”…After two more jolts of electricity, the boy was dead.” ]Stinney was declared dead within four minutes of the initial electrocution. From the time of the murders until Stinney’s execution, eighty-one days had passed.

New evidence: George Frierson stated in interviews that “…there has been a person that has been named as being the culprit, who is now deceased. And it was said by the family that there was a deathbed confession.” Frierson said that the rumored culprit came from a well-known, prominent white family. A member, or members of that family, had served on the initial coroner’s inquest jury which had recommended that Stinney be prosecuted.


11-10-2013
COLUMBIA, S.C. — Supporters of a 14-year-old black boy executed in 1944 for killing two white girls are asking a South Carolina judge to take the unheard-of move of granting him a new trial in hopes he will be cleared of the charges.

George Stinney was convicted on a shaky confession in a segregated society that wanted revenge for the beating deaths of two girls, ages 11 and 7, according to the lawsuit filed last month on Stinney’s behalf in Clarendon County.

The request for a new trial has an uphill climb. The judge may refuse to hear it at all, since the punishment was already carried out. Also, South Carolina has strict rules for introducing new evidence after a trial is complete, requiring the information to have been impossible to discover before the trial and likely to change the results, said Kenneth Gaines, a professor at the University of South Carolina’s law school.

“I think it’s a longshot, but I admire the lawyer for trying it,” Gaines said, adding that he’s not aware of any other executed inmates in the state being granted a new trial posthumously.

The request for a new trial is largely symbolic, but Stinney’s supporters say they would prefer exoneration to a pardon.

Stinney’s case intersects some long-running disputes in the American legal system — the death penalty and race. At 14, he’s the youngest person executed in the United States in past 100 years. He was electrocuted just 84 days after the girls were killed in March 1944.

The request for a new trial includes sworn statements from two of Stinney’s siblings who say he was with them the entire day the girls were killed. Notes from Stinney’s confession and most other information deputies and prosecutors used to convict Stinney in a one-day trial have disappeared along with any transcript of the proceedings. Only a few pages of cryptic, hand-written notes remain, according to the motion.

“Why was George Stinney electrocuted? The state can’t produce any paperwork to justify why he was,” said George Frierson, a local school board member who grew up in Stinney’s hometown hearing stories about the case and decided six years ago to start studying it and pushing for exoneration.

The South Carolina Attorney General’s Office will likely argue the other side of the case before the Clarendon County judge. A spokesman said their lawyers had not seen the motion and do not comment on pending cases. A date for a hearing on the matter has not been set.

The girls were last seen looking for wildflowers in the tiny, racially-divided mill town of Alcolu about 50 miles southeast of Columbia. Stinney’s sister, who was 7 at the time, said in her new affidavit that she and her brother were letting their cow graze when the girls asked them where they could find flowers called maypops. The sister, Amie Ruffner, said her brother told them he didn’t know and the girls left.

“It was strange to see them in our area, because white people stayed on their side of Alcolu and we knew our place,” Ruffner wrote.

The girls never came home and hundreds of people searched for them through the night. They were found the next morning in a water-filled ditch, their heads beaten with a hard object, likely a railroad spike.

Deputies got a tip the girls had been seen talking to Stinney. They came to Stinney’s home and took him away. His family wouldn’t see the boy again until after his trial. Newspaper accounts suggested a lynch mob was nearly formed to attack the teen in jail.

Stinney’s dad worked for the major mill in town and lived in a company house. He was ordered to leave after his son was arrested, said Stinney’s brother Charles Stinney, who was 12 when his older brother was arrested. Charles Stinney’s statement explains why the family didn’t speak to authorities at the time.

“George’s conviction and execution was something my family believed could happen to any of us in the family. Therefore, we made a decision for the safety of the family to leave it be,” Charles Stinney wrote in his sworn statement.

Charles Stinney said he remembered the events vividly because “for my family, Friday, March 24, 1944, and the events that followed were our personal 9/11.”

Both statements were made in 2009. Lawyer Steve McKenzie said he planned to file the request for a new trial then, but heard from a man in Tennessee who claimed his grandfather was with George Stinney the day of the killings. McKenzie thought the information from someone not related to Stinney would be especially powerful, but the person suddenly stopped cooperating after stringing the lawyers along for years.

The request for a new trial points out that at 95 pounds, Stinney likely couldn’t have killed the girls and dragged them to the ditch.

The motion also hints at community rumors of a deathbed confession from a white man several years ago and the possibility Stinney either confessed because his family was threatened or he was given ice cream. But the court papers provide little information and the lawyers also wouldn’t elaborate.

At 14, Stinney was the youngest person executed in this country in the past 100 years, according to statistics gathered by the Death Penalty Information Center.

Newspaper stories from his execution had witnesses saying the straps to keep him in the electric chair didn’t fit around his small frame and an electrode was too big for his leg.

Executing teens wasn’t uncommon at that time. Florida put a 16-year-old boy to death for rape in 1944 and Mississippi, Nevada, Ohio and Texas executed 17-year-olds that year.

Lawyers also filed a request for to pardon Stinney before the state Department of Probation, Parole and Pardon Services in case the new trial is not granted.

There is precedent for that. In 2009, two great-uncles of syndicated radio host Tom Joyner were pardoned by the board nearly 100 years after they were sent to the electric chair in the death of a Confederate Army veteran. Joyner’s lawyers showed evidence the men were framed by a small-time criminal who took a plea deal that saved his life and testified against them.

But Frierson said a pardon would be little comfort to him in the Stinney case. “The first step in a pardon is to admit you are wrong and ask for forgiveness. This boy did nothing wrong,” Frierson said.

Walking While Ethnic


Lady2Soothe

Flag

Systemic racial profiling and nationwide police violence threaten the lives of Ethnic Americans — youth and adults — EVERY day.

Abuse against all people(s) regardless of race, color, national origin, homeless, religion, age, sexual orientation or manner of clothing is becoming abundantly rampant. Discriminatory racial profiling by police is nothing new and is huge in law enforcement, risking the lives of many innocent people.

RACIAL and ETHNIC PROFILING: The term racial profiling refers to the practice. Whereby law-enforcement, intelligence, or homeland security personal factor the race or ethnic characteristics of any given *suspect* into their respective decision making process. This practice became particularly controversial toward the end of the 20th century when civil rights leaders charges that profiling was rooted in racism and the targeting, disproportionately and unjustly of Blacks and other non-white minorities.

1. Discrimination based on stereotypes
2. The concept of racial profiling has been defined in many ways, including:
3. Any police-initiated action that relies on the race, ethnicity, or national origin rather than the behavior of an individual or information that leads the police to a particular individual who has been identified as being, or having been, engaged in criminal activity.”
4. Racially-biased policing occurs when law enforcement inappropriately considers race or ethnicity in deciding with whom and how to intervene in an enforcement capacity.”
5. Using race as a key factor in deciding whether to make a Traffic Stop or Stop and Frisk Policy.
6. It appears at least two clearly distinguishable definitions of the term ‘racial profiling’: a narrow definition and a broad definition… Under the narrow definition, racial profiling occurs when a police officer stops, questions, arrests, and/or searches someone solely on the basis of the person’s race or ethnicity… Under the broader definition, racial profiling occurs whenever police routinely use race as a factor that, along with an accumulation of other factors, causes an officer to react with suspicion and take action

History: The existence of racial profiling dates back to slavery. In 1693, Philadelphia’s court officials gave police legal authority to stop and detain any Negro (freed or slaved) seen wandering around on the streets. This discriminatory practice continued through the Jim Crow era and now in the twenty-first century, racial profiling is prevalent across cities in the U.S.

One of the core principles of the Fourth Amendment is that the police cannot stop and detain an individual without some reason – probable cause, or at least reasonable suspicion – to believe that he or she is involved in criminal activity. But recent Supreme Court decisions allow the police to use traffic stops as a pretext in order to “fish” for evidence. Both anecdotal and quantitative data show that nationwide, the police exercise this discretionary power primarily against African Americans and Latinos.

In a scene of the movie Men In Black II: Agent J. shows an auto-driving car to Agent K. The auto-piloted car has a driver-shaped airbag which can be deployed with the press of a button on the steering wheel. The fake driver is Caucasian, with a black suit, white shirt and black tie. The dialog:

Agent K: Does that come standard? [pointing to the driver-shaped airbag]
Agent J: Actually it came with a black dude, but he kept getting pulled over.

FOURTH AMENDMENT – SEARCH and SEIZURE – U.S. CONSTITUTION: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? The Constitution, through the Fourth Amendment, protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. The Fourth Amendment, however, is not a guarantee against all searches and seizures, but only those that are deemed unreasonable under the law. Whether a particular type of search is considered reasonable in the eyes of the law, is determined by balancing two important interests. On one side of the scale is the intrusion on an individual’s Fourth Amendment rights. On the other side of the scale are legitimate government interests, such as public safety.The extent to which an individual is protected by the Fourth Amendment depends, in part, on the location of the search or seizure.

PROBABLE CAUSE: The standards of probable cause differ for an arrest and a search. The government has a probable cause to make an arrest when “the facts and circumstances within their knowledge and of which they had reasonably trustworthy information” would lead a prudent person to believe that the arrested person had committed or was committing a crime. Probable cause to arrest must exist before the arrest is made. Evidence obtained after the arrest may not apply retroactively to justify the arrest. When police conduct a search, the amendment requires that the warrant establish probable cause to believe that the search will uncover criminal activity or contraband. They must have legally sufficient reasons to believe a search is necessary.

PEOPLE:

When an officer observes unusual conduct which leads him reasonably to conclude that criminal activity may be afoot, the officer may briefly stop the suspicious person and make reasonable inquiries aimed at confirming or dispelling the officer’s suspicions.

VEHICLES:

1. Where there is probable cause to believe that a vehicle contains evidence of a criminal activity, an officer may lawfully search any area of the vehicle in which the evidence might be found.
2. An officer may conduct a traffic stop if he has reasonable suspicion that a traffic violation has occurred or that criminal activity is afoot.
3. An officer may conduct a pat-down of the driver and passengers during a lawful traffic stop; the police need not believe that any occupant of the vehicle is involved in a criminal activity.
4. The use of a narcotics detection dog to walk around the exterior of a car subject to a valid traffic stop does not require reasonable, explainable suspicion.
5. Special law enforcement concerns will sometimes justify highway stops without any individualized suspicion.
6. An officer at an international border may conduct routine stops and searches.
7. A state may use highway sobriety checkpoints for the purpose of combating drunk driving.
8. A state may set up highway checkpoints where the stops are brief and seek voluntary cooperation in the investigation of a recent crime that has occurred on that highway.
9. However, a state may not use a highway checkpoint program whose primary purpose is the discovery and interdiction of illegal narcotics.

 
My definition of Unarmed
Please keep in mind I am only able to research and write bio’s on 5-7 victims per day. Each bio is verified through multiple sources, photos are retrieved, copied, cropped. Each bio is written and condensed close as possible to a single paragraph, many have links to READ MORE. Each name, age, state and ethnicity are entered into 3 data bases and then, after all pertinent information has been gathered I individually post to the website. Therefore each bio takes anywhere from 30 to 60 minutes to complete.

I repeat, it is at my discretion as to what I consider as being unarmed. If the person has a weapon but is unable to use it because it’s under a seat, knocked to the side, fallen to the ground, in someone else’s possession etc. I consider that person unarmed. If someone is shot in the back, I consider that person unarmed. If the person is mentally ill and can be contained without using deadly force, I consider that person unarmed. If ANYONE can be contained without using deadly force, I consider that person unarmed.

There is no reason, in my opinion to shoot someone when police manage to apprehend and incarcerate extraordinarily dangerous serial killers/ mass murderers/spree killers and vigilantes yet cannot manage the capture of citizens of ethnic lineage without executing them.

However, if someone is shooting, holding a weapon or hurting someone (including an officer) and there is absolutely no other way to control them, I consider that person armed. Mind you, I credit witness statements far above police reports.

I DO NOT believe Law Enforcement reports. Lies the police tell that are so familiar anyone can recite them: “Reached for waist band”; “Pointed hand at police in a threatening manner.” “Backed the car toward officers” “Lunged at me” “Had a black object in hand” “Tried to grab gun” “Officers of the Un-Peace” or “Un-Peace Officers” Campaigns were formed against the “Blue Code” supposedly making it more visible to the public eye have taken place but all they seem to be doing is allowing the police to police the police and the police. Police are liars, period. So please don’t think I would even consider relying on their statements. The code of Blue Silence is too real to be ignored, and has been proven over and over again to be the real badge of the law.

As for Grand Juries they’ve been bought and paid for in more cases than can be counted. There is something fundamentally unfair about a grand jury system which doesn’t reflect the racial, political and ethnic diversity of the community it serves and the people it indicts.

Excerpts from:
US Constitution
ACLU
Racial and Ethnic Profiling
Wikipedia- Driving While Black
Wikipedia – Racial Profiling

Bullet Proof Love by Lloyd T. Pate


BPL

Prologue
“Hey, somebody stop him!” yelled a civilian involved in the accident. Caine broke into a sprint and like the classic video game Frogger he darted across traffic on Academy Boulevard. As he maneuvered through parked cars in a shopping center, other civilians he passed appeared bewildered and alarmed but Caine was more scared and confused than them all. After zig-zagging across another street, he sprinted through an undeveloped space, half the size of a foot-ball field. In some places, the weeds and wild grains climbed to his waist. He heard approaching police sirens and crouched down, becoming swallowed within them. It was slightly cool in the near-summer weather and with his body clammy and wound up from the adrenalin flowing in his blood-stream, the slightest breeze nipped at his skin.

He sat motionless for a moment and collected his breathing as he stared up at a billboard fifteen feet away from him. It advertised selling the unused plot of land he was taking refuge in. A faint light reflected off of the board and his attention turned back to the shopping center. There were several figures with flashlights looking around and underneath parked cars for him. Two began to cross the street and search the field he was in. Although there was a lengthy gap between Caine and his pursuers, he resumed in eluding his captors.

Reaching the opposite end of the field and crossing the street, he could hear distant yells behind him. He was confident his dark apparel would aid him in his escape as he entered a residential neighborhood. The gray and black Nike pullover and black bandana tied on his head helped envelope him amongst the trees, cars, homes, and pockets of darkness. To remain a step ahead of the law-abiding citizens and police who hunted him like game, he sprinted through streets and every block or two, cut a corner and hopped fences of private homes. He had some trouble over them because in his left hand he carried a bottle of alcohol. When vehicles drove by, he hid on the sides of homes and briefly paused only when he was concealed sufficiently.

In the distance, he could hear additional sirens and assumed it was an ambulance for his Comrade he was forced to leave behind. He jumped one last fence in another backyard and entered an irrigation ditch. He trotted about a half –mile in it before he felt comfortable to stop and catch his breath. He stood there trying to convince himself he was dreaming but he knew he could only bring himself to believe that for a few more seconds before he started moving again. The reality of the situation began to settle in his mind and he started to sob quietly.

He felt helpless; he didn’t know what to do and had no idea how he was going to explain what he had done to the Comrades who would demand answers. There was no way Caine would be able to explain the condition his Homie Bigg Mac was in when he was forced to flee. He wiped the tears from his face and stared up at the night sky for answers that would never come. Returning his gaze downward, he stared at the bottle in his left hand and examined it. It was a half-gallon bottle of Bumpy Face gin that was unopened and as he turned it in his hand, the moonlight gave the liquid a polished, pearly look. In a flash, the distress he felt turned to pure rage. He lifted the bottle over his head and with all of his strength, smashed it against the incline of the ditch.

The gin and shards of glass descended the embankment and a puddle formed around Caine’s tennis shoes. His eyes began to swell with tears once more as he stared down at it. Not far away, he could make out the buzzing sound of a helicopter and knew the police department had dispatched their ghetto-bird to locate him. He quickly gathered himself and with a thickness in his voice said, “I fucked up, Bigg Mac. I hope that at least you forgive me ‘cause I know the Homies won’t.”

The sound of the helicopter grew and when he searched the sky for it, it was still out of sight. “It’s in our nature to destroy ourselves,” Caine whispered, “even if it is by accident.” He rubbed the tears from his eyes and resumed in his escape back to the Block. Click here to keep reading

PURCHASE YOUR COPY AT:
Barnes and Nobel http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/bullet-proof-love-lloyd-pate-ii/1119976496?ean=9781499044225

Amazon http://www.amazon.com/

Xlibris http://bookstore.xlibris.com/Products/SKU-000927347/BulletProof-Love.aspx

Google Play https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=HBQcBAAAQBAJ

REVIEWS
Danny Bamba: This book is real and from the heart Don’t let this pass you by, let it captivate you, its a must read!

Janeen Cameron: You are awesome! I left the copy for Rev and bought my own. Can’t wait to read it. You need to Like Open Door so i can tag you. FRIENDS – eye opener on the realities of gang life. Order at xlibris.com

Kristeen Hernandez: Wonderfully written by a talented author new to the book scene but not new to the game. It’s a story of love and loyalty reaching far beyond the boundaries of the block. You’ll discover remarkable characters, romance, action, excitement and a surprise ending.